Treatments & Procedures

The team of caregivers at Desert Regional Medical Center understands that proper care begins with knowledge about the latest treatments and procedures available. We take great pride in restoring good health in patients with brain and neurological conditions, including stroke. Below are common treatments for brain and neurological conditions that may be available to you as a patient at Desert Regional.

Carotid artery endarterectomy

This procedure is performed in order to prevent strokes in those who have been diagnosed with carotid artery disease. Carotid artery disease is a buildup of plaque in the two larger arteries found on both sides of the neck.

Cerebral angiography

This diagnostic test is an X-ray of the brain's blood vessels. It can be used to evaluate conditions such as aneurysms and stenosis.

Cerebral aneurysm repair (Coiling / Clipping)

A brain aneurysm is surgically repaired by coiling or clipping to correct a weakening blood vessel and prevent bleeding into the brain. Clipping is the most common form of repair and coiling is a less invasive way to treat a brain aneurysm.

Cervical / spinal fusion

Fusion surgery is a procedure that joins two of more of the vertebrae in the neck or spine. This procedure is designed to help stop neck or back pain.

Complex tumor of the skull base

Skull base tumors grow at the bottom of the brain and near the skull. Their growth can cause significant problems including hearing loss, dizziness, vision loss and more.


This procedure is the surgical removal of part of the skull in order to expose the brain. The piece of bone is removed during surgery and replaced at the end of the procedure.


A surgical procedure used on individuals with herniated discs. During surgery, the damaged portion of the disc is removed.

Disc replacement

This particular surgery is a procedure designed to reduce back pain. During surgery, vertebrae are replaced with an artificial device — much like knee or hip replacement surgery.

Epistaxis treatment via embolization

In layman's terms, epistaxis is a nosebleed. Embolization can be used to treat nosebleeds placing a material within the bleeding vessel to block it.


This procedure is a type of decompression surgery. During surgery, the portion of the back covering the nerve roots is widened to reduce pressure on the spinal column.

Herniated discs

Also be referred to as a slipped or ruptured disc, a herniation occurs when the softer portion of the disc pushes through the tough exterior of the vertebrae.

Intra-arterial t-PA for acute stroke

In the event of a stroke, time is crucial. Intra-arterial t-PA involves inserting a thin, flexible catheter into an artery in the groin and guiding it up to the area of the brain clot to pull the clot out of the brain.

Intracranial vascular malformations

Intracranial vascular malformations are abnormally large veins in the brain. These malformations are usually diagnosed after a brain aneurysm.


Also referred to as decompression surgery, a laminectomy removes the lamina — or back part of the vertebrae that covers the spinal canal. The aim of this surgery is to relieve pressure on the spinal cord and nerves.

Mechanical thrombectomy for acute stroke

Used as a treatment for acute stroke, mechanical thrombectomy is a medical therapy. This procedure is the only one of its kind approved in the United States that actually removes the clot.

Pain management

Pain management is very important in long-term pain control; especially in those with chronic or long-term illness. Pain management physicians make an assessment and offer a treatment plan to help control pain.

Peripheral nerve surgery

Peripheral nerves are cord-like structures containing nerve fibers that carry information from the body to the spinal cord. If the nerves become injured, chronic pelvic pain may occur. Recovery from an injury to the peripheral nerves can be a long one; surgery is sometimes encouraged to help repair the nerves.

Pituitary/brain tumor resection

Pituitary and brain tumors are resected through a surgical procedure. The tumor is removed as well as some of the surrounding tissue; in the case of pituitary tumors — some can be removed through the nose.

Preoperative embolization of head/neck tumors

Many tumors in the head and neck have a large supply of blood. Preoperative embolization can block off the supply of blood to the tumor, making surgery much less risky.

Seizure work-up and treatment

Metabolic and drug screening as well as a neurology workout are performed on patients presenting with their first seizure. Treatment may not be required for all seizure patients, but many will be placed on anti-seizure medications.

Spinal fusions and decompression

Fusion surgery is a procedure that joins two of more of the vertebrae in the neck or spine. Decompression surgery works to reduce pressure on the spinal nerves.

Spinal vascular malformation

Also known as AVM, spinal vascular malformation is a rare and abnormal tangling of the blood vessels at the end of the spinal cord. Untreated AVM can lead to permanent spinal cord damage.

Stenting and angioplasty

An angioplasty procedure is often combined with stenting in order to open clogged heart arteries. A stent is placed in order to help keep the arteries open and reduce the risk of them becoming clogged again.

Treatment for brain abscess / infection

The treatment of a brain abscess varies from case to case; doctors order a CT scan in order to determine the size of the abscess. Once size is determined, medication and/or surgery are used to treat the infection.

Trigeminal neuralgia surgery

TN is a chronic pain condition that affects the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. Surgery can be performed to damaged nerve fibers so that pain can be blocked.


Vaculitis is an inflammation of the blood vessels. The immune system attacks the blood vessels causing thickening, weakening, scarring and narrowing.

​If you have specific questions about  neurological treatments, please call (760) 416-4511 and you’ll be connected to one of our neurosurgery specialists.